Ayurvedic oral care — Key dental health strategies


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ayurvedic oral care

Oral health is an essential aspect of overall well-being, often overlooked in the hustle and bustle of daily life.

Taking a holistic approach to dental care, Ayurveda — the ancient Indian system of medicine — offers a wealth of knowledge on maintaining oral hygiene and preventing common oral diseases.

Let’s dive into the world of Ayurvedic oral care, exploring herbs, strategies, and remedies for a beautiful and healthy smile.

Ayurvedic oral care
While teeth might seem like hard, inert parts of our body, they are, in fact, very much alive.

Anatomy of a Tooth

From a medical perspective, each tooth is a complex structure, designed for specific tasks such as cutting, tearing, or grinding food.

A tooth is generally divided into two main parts:

  1. the crown, which is visible above the gum line
  2. the root, which is embedded in the jawbone, hidden beneath the gum.

The tooth is further made up of several layers. The outermost layer, called the enamel, is the hardest part of the body, predominantly composed of calcium phosphate. It serves as a protective shield against decay. Directly beneath the enamel is the dentin, which is less hard than enamel but harder than bone. Dentin makes up the majority of a tooth’s structure and is responsible for transmitting nerve signals.

At the core of the tooth is the pulp, a soft tissue containing blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissues. This living tissue helps in the growth and development of the tooth.

Finally, the cementum is a thin layer covering the tooth root, assisting in anchoring the tooth to the jawbone.

On average, an adult has 32 teeth, including 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 premolars, and 12 molars (which include 4 third molars often referred to as wisdom teeth). Each type of tooth has a unique shape and function, contributing to the overall efficiency of the digestive process by breaking down food into smaller, manageable pieces.

The Dynamic and Vibrant Nature of Teeth

While teeth might seem like hard, inert parts of our body, they are, in fact, very much alive.

Each tooth is a thriving microcosm, housing a complex network of living tissues and cells. The pulp, nestled at the heart of each tooth, is a hive of biological activity, teeming with blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissues.

These components play a critical role in the tooth’s life cycle, from its formation to its daily function.

The blood vessels within the pulp deliver essential nutrients to the tooth, fueling its survival and function. Simultaneously, the nerves in the pulp add a sensory role to the tooth, responding to temperature or pressure changes, and enabling sensations of pain, thus alerting us to potential issues such as cavities or infections.

Furthermore, the living cells within the pulp produce dentin in response to tooth wear and damage, showcasing the tooth’s capability for self-repair.

In essence, our teeth are far from being dead structures.

They are dynamic, living entities, contributing significantly to our overall health and well-being.

The Ayurvedic Approach to Oral Health

In Ayurveda, the mouth is considered the gateway to the body. It’s not just about having pearly white teeth or fresh breath—it’s about maintaining the balance of the body’s doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha), promoting digestion, and preventing diseases.

The unique perspective of Ayurveda classifies the teeth as a site of Vata dosha—the energy that governs all movement in the body, including nerve impulses, circulation, and elimination.

Vata management is critical for oral health, as an imbalance can lead to issues such as gum disease, cavities, and tooth sensitivity.

The qualities of Vata are light, dry, and rough, meaning that it may lead to dryness and brittleness in the teeth if not properly balanced.

Therefore, the Ayurvedic approach to dental care emphasizes gentleness and softness.

Aggressive and harsh dental procedures or practices can exacerbate Vata, leading to weakened dental health. Gentle and delicate practices, on the other hand, help to pacify Vata, preserving the strength of the teeth and promoting overall oral health.

Ayurvedic Benefits of Good Oral Health

Maintaining good oral health, according to Ayurveda, yields an array of health benefits that extend beyond the mouth.

First, balanced oral health aids digestion, which starts from the mouth.

The process of chewing, stimulated by healthy teeth, helps in breaking down the food and increasing the efficiency of digestion. This leads to improved nutritional intake, thus enhancing overall health.

Moreover, good oral care can also improve the sense of taste.

The tongue plays a key role in our taste perception, and regular and mindful oral hygiene can help remove any buildup that might dull our taste buds. This not only enriches our culinary experiences but also aids in digestive processes.

When our taste reception is optimal, it enhances our ability to recognize and enjoy various foods, which in turn stimulates the digestive enzymes, improving overall digestion and nutrient absorption.

Incorporating Ayurvedic practices into our oral care routine can therefore significantly improve our gustatory pleasure and overall health.

Ayurvedic oral care
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Dental Ailments According to Dosha

Each dosha in Ayurveda is associated with specific dental ailments:

  • Vata Dosha: When the Vata dosha is out of balance, it can manifest in various dental issues such as sensitive teeth and gums. This imbalance may contribute to conditions like receding gums and tooth decay. In addition, individuals may experience dry mouth and bad breath as common symptoms. Maintaining a balanced Vata dosha through proper oral care and holistic practices can help alleviate these dental concerns and promote overall oral health.
  • Pitta Dosha: Imbalanced Pitta dosha, one of the three doshas in Ayurvedic medicine, is closely associated with inflammation and infection in the body. When Pitta becomes dominant, individuals may experience a range of oral health issues, including bleeding gums, ulcers, gingivitis, and other inflammatory dental conditions. Taking proactive measures to balance Pitta through proper diet, lifestyle choices, and holistic therapies can help alleviate these symptoms and promote overall oral well-being.
  • Kapha Dosha: An excess of Kapha dosha, one of the three doshas in Ayurveda, which represents earth and water elements, could lead to an overproduction of saliva, resulting in oral conditions like oral thrush or plaque build-up. This imbalance in Kapha can also be associated with toothache and cavities, as the excess moisture and heaviness can contribute to decay and dental issues. It is important to maintain a balanced Kapha dosha through proper diet, movement, and Ayurvedic practices to promote optimal oral health.

Remember, Ayurveda emphasizes prevention over cure. Regularly balancing your doshas could help maintain optimal oral health.

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Harmful Dental Practices to Avoid According to Ayurveda

Ayurveda advises against several common dental practices that could upset the balance of your doshas and contribute to dental ailments:

  • Overuse of Chemical Dental Products: These products, such as toothpastes and mouthwashes with harsh chemical ingredients, can disrupt the microbial balance in the mouth. This may lead to oral conditions like dry mouth, ulcers, and gum diseases. Ayurveda recommends natural alternatives like herbal tooth powders or oil pulling.
  • Neglecting Tongue Cleaning: Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of daily tongue cleaning to remove bacteria and toxins (Ama), which if left unchecked, can contribute to bad breath and other oral health problems.
  • Ignoring Regular Dental Check-ups: Regular dental check-ups help in early detection of potential oral health issues. Even with an Ayurvedic oral care routine, it’s vital to have regular professional check-ups to ensure optimal dental health.
  • Frequent Usage of Chewing Gum: While it’s commonly believed that chewing gum can freshen breath and prevent cavities, Ayurveda advises caution. Many chewing gums contain artificial sweeteners and other chemical additives, which can disrupt the balance in your mouth. Additionally, excessive chewing can increase the Vata dosha, leading to issues like jaw pain and teeth grinding. Instead, consider natural alternatives like chewing on fennel seeds or cloves, which can freshen your breath and promote dental wellness.

Maintaining a balance in the body’s doshas is key to preventing oral diseases. By avoiding these detrimental practices, you can uphold the principles of Ayurvedic oral care and promote overall health.

Ayurvedic Herbs for Oral Care

  1. Neem (Azadirachta indica): Known as the ‘toothbrush tree’ in India, Neem sticks have been used for centuries for brushing teeth. Neem has powerful antibacterial properties that help prevent plaque formation and tooth decay.
  2. Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): Licorice root is known for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, making it ideal for preventing and treating oral infections and gum diseases.
  3. Triphala: This herbal blend of Amalaki, Bibhitaki, and Haritaki is renowned for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Used as a mouth rinse, Triphala can help reduce gum inflammation and strengthen the oral mucosa.
  4. Clove (Syzygium aromaticum): Clove oil is a potent analgesic and antiseptic. It’s often used in Ayurveda for toothaches and to combat bad breath.
  5. Amla (Emblica Officinalis): Amla, or Indian Gooseberry, is another vital ayurvedic herb for oral health. Rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants, Amla helps in the prevention of gum diseases and promotes healing of mouth ulcers. Regular use of Amla can also help in reducing bad breath and in whitening of teeth.
  6. Charcoal (Activated): One of the more modern additions to the Ayurvedic oral care repertoire is activated charcoal. Known for its high absorption capabilities, activated charcoal can effectively bind to toxins and impurities, making it a powerful tool for teeth whitening and detoxification. It’s important to use it sparingly though, as excessive use can wear down the enamel of the teeth.

Effective Strategies for Oral Care

Oil Pulling

This practice involves swishing a tablespoon of oil, typically sesame or coconut oil, in your mouth on an empty stomach for a few minutes. During this time, the oil acts as a natural detoxifier, drawing out toxins from your mouth and promoting overall oral health. Not only does oil pulling can help reduce plaque buildup, but it also supports healthy gums, leaving you with a fresh and revitalized feeling.

Tongue Scraping

Using a tongue scraper, gently scrape your tongue from back to front each morning. This is a wonderful practice that not only freshens your breath by removing bacteria and food particles, but it also stimulates digestion and aids in the removal of Ama, which are toxins that can accumulate in the body.

Herbal Toothpaste

Instead of using commercial toothpaste, you might want to consider incorporating a herbal tooth powder or paste into your oral care routine. Ayurvedic herbs such as Neem, Licorice, or Clove have been used for centuries due to their natural properties that promote dental health. These herbs are known for their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, which can help maintain a healthy oral environment.


An effective yet often overlooked practice is gargling with herbal or oil-infused water. Doing this once a day, can help soothe the throat, maintain the pH balance in the mouth, and prevent the build-up of oral bacteria. Some commonly used gargles include warm water mixed with turmeric and sea salt, or a decoction made from Triphala and water. Remember to spit out the water after gargling and rinse thoroughly.

Ayurvedic Diet

A balanced and nutritious diet is obviously integral to maintaining oral health. Consuming foods that are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants can help strengthen teeth and gums. In Ayurveda, consuming ‘sattvic’ foods, which are whole, clean, and natural, is also recommended. Such foods include fresh fruits and vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds, which are low in processed sugars that can lead to dental issues like cavities and gum disease. Also, regular intake of crunchy fruits and vegetables like apples and carrots can act as natural teeth cleaners, stimulating saliva production, which plays a crucial role in a healthy smile.

Ayurvedic Remedies for Common Oral Diseases

The following are just a few of age-old methodologies, rooted in the natural healing principles of Ayurveda, that offer effective solutions for various oral health problems. From tooth decay to gum diseases, we will uncover natural remedies to provide relief and foster a healthier oral environment.


Rinse your mouth with a warm Triphala decoction twice a day. Also, massage your gums with a mixture of Turmeric and Mustard oil to reduce inflammation.


Apply a drop of clove oil to the affected tooth and surrounding gums for pain relief.

Bad Breath

Chew on Fennel seeds or Cardamom pods after meals to freshen your breath. Also, regular tongue scraping and oil pulling can help combat bad breath.

Tooth Decay

Regularly chew on a neem twig, which is known for its antibacterial properties that can prevent tooth decay. Also, rinse your mouth with a mixture of warm water, salt, and turmeric.

Bleeding Gums

Rinsing your mouth with a mixture of amla juice and water can help stop gum bleeding. Also, massaging your gums with a mixture of honey and turmeric can promote healing.

Sensitive Teeth

Rubbing sesame oil on your teeth can help reduce sensitivity. Consuming a diet rich in Vitamin D and calcium can also strengthen teeth and reduce sensitivity.

Mouth Ulcers

Gargling with a mixture of coconut milk and honey can help heal mouth ulcers. Applying ghee on the ulcers can also aid in the healing process.

Stained Teeth

Rubbing your teeth with the inside of an orange peel can help reduce staining.

Receding Gums

Massaging your gums with coconut oil can help prevent receding gums. Also, consuming foods rich in Vitamin C and Coenzyme Q10 can promote gum health.

Dry Mouth

Chewing on cardamom pods can stimulate saliva production and help combat dry mouth. Also, drinking aloe vera juice can help maintain moisture in the mouth.

Ayurveda emphasizes prevention over cure.

Regularly following these practices can help maintain your oral health and prevent dental diseases. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider or an Ayurvedic practitioner if you’re dealing with persistent oral health problems.

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Hi! I'm Monica

My life purpose is to help women achieve physical, mental, and emotional alignment, improve their digestion, balance their hormones, and feel more confident in their own skin.

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